Abacus Dental Care, 52 Lennon Drive, Milton Keynes, MK8 0AS

All You Need to Know About Tooth Extractions

Tooth extraction is a common dental procedure that involves the removal of a tooth from its socket in the jawbone. It can be necessary for various reasons, including severe decay, infection, overcrowding, impacted wisdom teeth, or to prepare for orthodontic treatment. In this dental blog, we will provide you with comprehensive information about teeth extractions, including the procedure, recovery, and aftercare.

What are the main types of tooth extractions?

There are two main types of tooth extractions:

Simple Extraction

This type of extraction is performed on visible teeth that have erupted fully from the gum line and can be easily accessed and removed by a dentist.

Surgical Extraction

Surgical extractions are more complex and involve the removal of teeth that are not easily accessible. This includes impacted wisdom teeth, broken or fractured teeth, or teeth with extensive decay or root damage.

What are the reason tooth extraction may be necessary?

Tooth extractions may be necessary for various reasons, including:

Severe tooth decay

When a tooth is extensively decayed and cannot be restored with a filling or crown, extraction may be required.

Gum disease

Advanced periodontal disease can cause teeth to become loose and require extraction.


In cases of crowded teeth, extractions may be performed to create space for orthodontic treatment.

Impacted teeth

Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, often become impacted or partially erupted, causing pain and potential damage to nearby teeth. Extraction may be necessary in such cases.

Orthodontic treatment

Some orthodontic treatments, such as braces, may require the extraction of specific teeth to achieve proper alignment.

What are the steps involved in the tooth extraction process?

The tooth extraction process typically involves the following steps:

Examination and X-rays

The dentist will examine your teeth and take X-rays to assess the condition of the tooth and its surrounding structures.


Local anaesthesia is administered to numb the area around the tooth to ensure a painless procedure. For more complex extractions or if you experience anxiety, the dentist may recommend sedation or general anaesthesia.


The dentist will carefully loosen the tooth from its socket using specialised instruments. In some cases, the tooth may need to be divided into smaller sections for easier removal. Once the tooth is extracted, the socket may be stitched if necessary.

Post-operative care

The dentist will provide you with instructions on how to care for the extraction site and manage any discomfort or swelling following the procedure.

What are the guidelines for a successful tooth extraction recovery?

Following a tooth extraction, proper care and attention are essential to ensure a smooth recovery. Here are some general guidelines:

Bite on gauze

After the extraction, bite down gently on a gauze pad to control bleeding and promote blood clot formation.

Pain management

Take prescribed pain medication as directed or use over-the-counter pain relievers as recommended by your dentist.

Swelling and bruising

Apply an ice pack to the affected area to reduce swelling and bruising during the first 24 hours.

Oral hygiene

Maintain good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth gently and avoiding the extraction site while it heals.

Diet and eating

Stick to a soft diet and avoid hot or hard foods that may irritate the extraction site.

Follow-up appointment

Attend any scheduled follow-up appointments to ensure proper healing and assess the need for any additional treatment.

Tooth extractions are a common dental procedure that may be necessary for various reasons. By understanding the types of extractions, reasons for extraction, the extraction process, and proper aftercare, you can approach this procedure with confidence and ensure a smooth recovery.

If you require a tooth extraction, you can book a dental appointment at Abacus Dental in Milton Keynes on 01908 260757 or contact us here.

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