Abacus Dental Care, 52 Lennon Drive, Milton Keynes, MK8 0AS

All you need to know about gum disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common dental condition that affects many people worldwide. It is caused by bacteria that live in plaque and tartar that build up on teeth and gums, leading to inflammation and eventual damage to the gums and bone that support the teeth. Gum disease can lead to tooth loss and other serious health problems if left untreated, which is why it’s important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of the disease.

Here are some important things you need to know about gum disease:

Symptoms of Gum Disease: The early signs of gum disease include redness, swelling, and bleeding gums. As the disease progresses, you may also experience bad breath, receding gums, loose teeth, and changes in your bite. If you notice any of these symptoms, it’s important to see your dentist right away.

Causes of Gum Disease: Poor oral hygiene is the primary cause of gum disease. When plaque and tartar build up on teeth and gums, bacteria can thrive and cause inflammation. Other factors that increase your risk of gum disease include smoking, genetics, certain medications, and certain medical conditions like diabetes.

Prevention of Gum Disease: Good oral hygiene is key to preventing gum disease. This includes brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and using mouthwash. You should also visit your dentist regularly for cleanings and checkups. Quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet, and managing any underlying medical conditions can also help prevent gum disease.

Treatment of Gum Disease: If you have gum disease, your dentist may recommend a deep cleaning procedure called scaling and root planing to remove plaque and tartar from below the gum line. In more advanced cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damage to the gums and bone that support the teeth.

The Link Between Gum Disease and Overall Health: Gum disease has been linked to a number of serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. This is because the inflammation caused by gum disease can spread throughout the body, increasing the risk of these conditions. Maintaining good oral hygiene and treating gum disease can help reduce your risk of these health problems.

In conclusion, gum disease is a serious dental condition that can have far-reaching health consequences. By being aware of the signs and symptoms of the disease and taking steps to prevent and treat it, you can protect your oral and overall health. So, make sure to prioritise your oral hygiene and visit your dentist regularly to keep your gums healthy and happy!

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